Honey Bees

  • Cage or tunnel testing (OECD GC No. 75, EPPO PP 1/170(4) possible melliferous plants: Phacelia, rape seed, mustard, orchards
  • Foliage application, drip application or seed treatment
  • Aged residue and re-entry period
  • Residues in bees and bee products
  • Assessment (exposure, reproduction, survival and colony health over time) -Short-term (28 days) and Long-term (overwinter)


  • Greenhouse Studies: Early stage commercial hives caged in greenhouse are exposed to the test item assessing hive development and queen/drone/worker production over time